majority minority districts definition ap human geography

Strickland, the Court's 5-4 conservative majority ruled that states could choose to draw minority "coalition districts" (in which a sub-50 percent minority can win with support from other groups), but that only true majority-minority seats would merit protection under Section 2 of the VRA. Political Geography. A state that has combination locks all over the and. In AP Human Geography, unit 4 covers political geography. We've covered a ton in this review guide for the 2023 AP Human Geography exam. It is advancing maps that would cut the number of majority-Black districts from two to zero in Congress and from roughly a dozen to as few as three in the Legislature, pending final votes. The other, Sen. LaTonya Johnson, disagreed, saying the Democratic plan was far better than the alternative: I dont believe that the maps proposed would block Black candidates of choice, but I would rather have to fight harder for my seat than have my community suffer another 10 years under a Republican gerrymander.. It is concerned with why political spaces emerge in the places that they do and with how the character of those spaces affects social, political, economic, and environmental understandings and practices. The Supreme Court in 1964 eliminated the practice by requiring that all districts in a state contain about the same number of people. b. Much like political gerrymandering, it limits black influence in surrounding districts. \text{ } & \text{323} & \text{2$/ 12$} & \text{$2,500$}\\ 2. \hline Invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory. Tech: Matt Latourelle Ryan Burch Kirsten Corrao Beth Dellea Travis Eden Tate Kamish Margaret Kearney Eric Lotto Joseph Sanchez. "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland." Because of the 1990 census, what did state legislatures in states either partially or completely covered by section 5 of the VRA, as well as legislatures of states with sufficient minority population to fear Section 2 claim have to do? California had 43 such districts, more than any other state. This is the first and only time the company purchased such securities. ~Incorporates higher levels of education, higher salaries, and more technology. majority-minority districts districts in which the majority of residents are part of an ethnic minority gerrymandering the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group boundary vertical plane between states that cuts through the rocks below, and the airspace above the surface geometric boundaries Why did legislatures actively begin to try to create Majority-Minority districts? Examples: United States, Russia, Brazil, Mexico. ~Capital city serves as focus of power. By doing this, there would now be two conservative congress-people representing an area that is actually a majority liberal area. Policy: Christopher Nelson Caitlin Styrsky Molly Byrne Jimmy McAllister Samuel Postell Popular AP Human Geography sets 1.1, 1.4 introduction to maps Scale of analysis and Regional analysis Geographic Data, Spacial concepts, Human-Environmental interaction FIRST SET OF VOCAB Second set of pop vocab Migration Language Culture Religion 4.1-4.3 Agriculture Copyright 2001-2022 StudyStack LLC. What factors need to be considered to draw and effective majority-minority district? A territory whose geographical boundaries lie entirely within the boundaries of another territory. Racial Gerrymandering US history is filled with examples of voter disenfranchisement. the right of a state to defend soverign territory against incurrsion from other states, Peace negotiated in 1648 to end the Thirty Years' War, Europe's most destructive internal struggle over religion. They have opened themselves terribly to a Voting Rights Act challenge, he said. Depending on the ideological composition of the Court and the interactions between citizens and states, the Supreme Court sometimes interprets the Constitution in ways that restrict minority rights, while at other times protecting minority rights. Majority-minority districts may be created to avoid or remedy violations of the Voting Rights Act of 1965's prohibitions on drawing redistricting plans that diminish the ability of a racial or language minority to elect its candidates of choice. Race is collected through the decennial United States census. Conversely, unitary states are characterized by a strong central government. If we draw the districts like this, Blue holds a majority in all five districts. As of the 118th congress, there are 37 majority-Hispanic or Latino congressional districts. By and large, Black people vote for Black people and white people vote for white people, Hollier said. Treaties contained new languages recognizing statehood and nationhood, clearly defined borders and guarantees of security. What did they feel they were responsible for? If youre talented enough, you can win in a 30-35% Black district. Click "[show]" on the table below to see the complete data set. The differences between federal and a unitary government is that a federal government has multiple levels of hierarchy where both the state and central gover. 30 seconds. Hollier, like other Black lawmakers, is furious, saying that move jeopardizes Black elected officials. 6. \end{matrix} Let's look at a voting districts definition. & \text{Date} & \text{Amount}\\ actually marking the boundary on the ground with a wall, fence, post, etc. Physical regions are features such as deserts, mountains, and lakes. Imagine the minority-favored candidate can win an election in a district if at least 30 percent of voters are minorities. Although using the term "correctly" to describe something that intentionally deceives seems wrong in itself. Thank you. Rebecca Szetela is a lawyer who describes herself as an independent, and a white woman who chairs Michigans new Independent Citizens Redistricting Commission. Sovereignty is the internationally recognized exercise of a country's power over its people and territory. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/new-maps-spark-debate-over-majority-minority-districts, Biden administration sues Texas over voting restrictions, Census data sets up redistricting fight over growing suburbs, Census shows U.S. is diversifying, white population shrinking, As frustration mounts, a White House push on voting rights, Independent Citizens Redistricting Commission, maps drawn by the Democratic-controlled Legislature. [1] A sample of size 61 results in a sample mean of 75 and a standard deviation of 1.51.51.5. d) Based on the confidence interval, at =0.05can\alpha=0.05 \mathrm{can}=0.05can you reject H0\mathrm{H}_0H0 ? newsletter for analysis you wont find anywhereelse. But even after accounting for the federal rules, there are countless . Both are Democrats. 5. Examples: France and Spain Historically, the majority of students earn the lowest possible score on this exam. While many studies of inequality in access to quality health care concentrate on the lower availability of health care, there is a growing body of literature reporting on the association between hospital quality and minority-service hospital status across multiple health states and conditions. Now, let's draw a map that helps the Red party. It links or divides areas of voters with similar characteristics (race/ethnicity, socioeconomic, labor, religious, urban/suburban/rural, etc.). It links or divides areas of voters with similar characteristics (race/ethnicity, socioeconomic, labor, religious, urban/suburban/rural, etc.). forces that tend to unify a country- such as widespread commitment to a national culture, shared idealogical objectives, and a common faith. Examples: Sub-Saharan Africa, Iraq, Honduras, ~Places where core and periphery processes are both occurring. Government based on the principal that the people are the ultimate sovereign and have the final say over what happens within the state. The devolution of a state is caused by what kinds of conflict? The fight is complicated and wonky like most surrounding the once-a-decade redistricting process. a principle of international relations that holds that final authority over social, economic, and political matters should rest with the legitimate rulers of independent states. The table below provides demographic data about each majority-minority district in the United States House of Representatives as of 2015. par | Avr 28, 2023 | mirage scythe combos ps4 | dillard's formal dresses | Avr 28, 2023 | mirage scythe combos ps4 | dillard's formal dresses AP Human Geography is widely recommended as an introductory-level AP course. cultural cohesion definition ap human geography. Examples: North Korea + South Korea. 3. ". Subscribe to Here's the Deal, our politics newsletter. Using data provided in the United States Census Bureau's 2021 American Community Survey and based on districts enacted after the 2010 census, the United States was home to 138 congressional majority-minority districts. Jamie Roe, a GOP consultant tracking the redistricting process, noted Michigan has had two majority-Black congressional districts since at least the 1960s whether drawn by legislators or courts. There are grammar debates that never die; and the ones highlighted in the questions in this quiz are sure to rile everyone up once again. . \text{ } & \text{ } & \underline{\underline{\$13,900}}\\ A majority-minority district is an electoral district, such as a United States congressional district, in which the majority of the constituents in the district are racial or ethnic minorities (as opposed to Non-Hispanic whites in the U.S.). Download PDF. Its got nothing to do with me. 2. Tony Evers asked a commission to propose maps to counter ones drawn by the GOP-controlled Legislature. The amount of interest earned for February is$20. judge timothy kenny political affiliation. the segregation of blacks in South Aftrica from 1948-1994, the term used when referring to the fragmentation or breakup of a region or country into smaller regions or countries, an economic union in Western Europe that compromises three neighboring countries: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, there are two types: exclusionary, meant for keeping people out, and inclusionary, meant to facilitate trade and movement, conflicts of the location, size, and extent of borders between nations; states arguing over their boundaries and how they function; (WITH THE NEXT FOUR CARDS), focus on the legal language of the boundary agreement, focus on the delimitation and possibly demarcation of the boundary, focus on neighbors who differ over the way their border should function, focus on boundaries (especially on the sea floor) while in search of resources, boundaries often originated from old tribal lands and lands won in war; were meant to establish claims to land and were often small historically; (WITH THE NEXT FOUR CARDS), boundaries that were defined and determined before the present day human landscape was developed, boundaries that evolved as the cultural landscape of an area took shape, boundaries that are forcibly drawn across a unified cultural landscape, boundaries that have ceased to function, but whose imprints are still evident on the cultural landscape, the process that is needed to create a boundary; (WITH THE NEXT THREE CARDS), a legal document or treaty drawn up to specify actual points in the landscape. Districts in the table below reflect the 118th Congress.[1]. Rules about equal population and minority voting rights have federal backing (though states may add additional constraints). The table below provides demographic data about each majority-minority district in the United States as of 2013. Asians comprise 2% of legislators but 7.2% of the population. Examples: Egypt|Sudan, Canada|U.S, Physical-political (Natural-political) Boundary, Political boundary defined and delimited by a prominent physical feature in the natural landscape, such as a river or the crest ridges of a mountain range. The law consolidated the Federalist Party vote in a few districts and thus gave disproportionate representation to Democratic-Republicans. The first sample was tested using both purposive and accidental ap- proaches; participants were from two areas in Karkh District (Western side of Baghdad), which included two of the main Sunni camps, and from two areas in Rusafa District (Eastern side of Baghdad), which included camps for Shi'a and Christian people. if(document.getElementsByClassName("reference").length==0) if(document.getElementById('Footnotes')!==null) document.getElementById('Footnotes').parentNode.style.display = 'none'; Communications: Alison Graves Carley Allensworth Abigail Campbell Sarah Groat Erica Shumaker Caitlin Vanden Boom Only California, Illinois, and New York had any degree of significant pro-GOP bias. ~A politically organized territory with a permanent population, a defined territory, and a system of government. ~Generate more wealth in the world economy. \text{Receipts} & \text{$13,900$} & \text{ }\\ The group claimed that the districts were racial gerrymanders that violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. What are the policy effects of majority-minority districts? Note: Data about majority-minority districts is based on information compiled from the United States Census Bureau's American Community Survey estimates. Describe. One quarter of Alabamas population is Black, but the 7th is the sole district represented by an African American in Congress, Rep. Terri Sewell. . Devotion to the interests or culture of one's nation. Illinois' 4th District (2013-2023), for example, was mandated by a Federal court to be redrawn as a majority-minority district. Click the card to flip 1 / 19 Flashcards Learn Test Match Created by annmarie317 Lecture 15 - 125V Segura Terms in this set (19) Types of random variables. One of the best ways to do that, and empower minority voters, Szetela and other commissioners argue, is putting some of the majority-Black neighborhoods in Holliers district in other seats, where they may have more say over Michigans leadership. They also learn . 4. A group of people who think of themselves as one based on a sense of shared culture and history, and who seek some degree of political-territorial independence. Many states were sprawling, diverse empires, such as the Ottoman Empire in the . Students tend to regard the course content as "easy," while the exam is difficult. The European Union-Currency (economic) A state that only allows land ownership for certain groups. \end{array} Name three ways European countries use nationalism throughout the 19th century to achieve various goals. It began with the redistricting following the 1990 census. Others include Palestinians, Basques, and Roma. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Random House, Inc. 2023, / mdr ti mnr ti, mdr ti mnr ti, ma-, /. (These leaders had little regard for African independence, and had no representation for native Africans. 2. Some courts have decided to use a "bright line" of 50%. See more. This represented approximately 32% of the nation's 435 U.S. House districts.[1][2][3][4][5][6]. *Help us understand the arrangements and forces that are transforming the map of the world. c. Checks 325 and 327 are outstanding. 160914066: marginal districts The bottom line is that it does not create a true representation of the real voting patterns of the American public. I get what Republicans have done, completely, but Im not willing to sacrifice Black representation and brown representation, Im just not, said Sen. Lena Taylor, one of two African American Democrats in the Wisconsin state Senate, who voted against her partys map. The interest payments are due every six months (that is, the interest is compounded semi-annually). In the context of determining representative districts, the process by which a majority of the population is from the minority. The world economy has a three-tier structure. A state that lacks a direct outlet to sea. As you are reviewing for this unit, focus on the important concepts! In 2020, for example, racial minorities won 19 of 20 legislative seats where Black people constitute at least 35% of the voting-age population. ", "The minority group must be able to show that it is politically cohesive. ~The first political geographer who studied these issues was the German professor Friedrich Ratzel. AP human geography chapter 8 multiple choice. Jonathan Cervas, one of the experts who redrew the Virginia districts in 2019, said the aim was to rectify what a court had found was discrimination against Black voters. g. Oscar's checking account earns interest based on the average daily balance. (a country) That critical mass of Black voters, Hollier argues, ensures he has a chance to be elected and give voice to people who have long been ignored by the political system. What are the electoral effects of majority-minority districts? ~Britain For Holliers 2nd Senate District, that means some of its Detroit neighborhoods would be grafted on to mostly white districts, and his own seat would stretch across Eight Mile Road, the infamous boundary between Detroit and its first-ring, majority white suburbs. DateAmountDeposits:2/4$2,7002/112,3002/183,2002/254,100Cashreceipts:1,600$13,900BalanceonFebruary1$6,800Receipts13,900Disbursements(12,600)BalanceonFebruary28$8,100No.DateAmountChecks3212/2$4,7003222/84003232/122,5003242/192,2003252/272003262/287003272/281,900$12,600\begin{matrix} Although the total book and fair values of Altgelds net assets amounting to $3.2 million, the price paid for these shares was$340,000. government based on the principle that the people are the ultimate soverign and have the final say over what happens within the state. Q. Dr. Giani Clarkson is a national award winning educator. Invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory. For the chamber as a whole? Throughout the nineteenth-century in Europe, states used nationalism to achieve various goals. Suppose the government wants to levy a new excise tax. In some instances, majority-minority districts may result from affirmative racial gerrymandering. Information from February's bank statement and company records reveals the following additional information: a. NATO-Military The 1982 Amendments to the VRA specifically named outcomes as a focus of evaluation (?). *Had to make sure that their districts and forms of representation passed Gingles and other cases (Evaluate their own representation schemes, as if they . Are racially drawn districts constitutionally permissible? The recent Global Inequality Report,5 which uses the share of national income of the top 1 per cent richest people in a country as one of the measures of inequality, estimates that in India, this share had surged since the mid-1990s (coinciding with the liberalization of the economy) from approximately 10 per cent in 1992 to 22 per cent in 2014. Example: Iraq and Kuwait (oil reserves). ~He states that a state requires nourishment in order to thrive just like an organism does. Mackinder noted Eurasia, the largest most populous landmass on earth had a pivot point at its center. Example: Saudi Arabia and Yemen, Involves neighbors who differ over the way their borders should function. Control of the House of Delegates will come down to two other races that are in recounts. Those who have the redistricting pen don't have a blank slate for drawing the lines. Currently, Asian-Americans make up the majority of constituents in two districts. Has a defined territory, a permanent population, a government, and is recognized by other states.

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majority minority districts definition ap human geography